Gabapentin requires a prescription from your veterinarian.
- Gabapentin may be used for adjunct therapy for refractory or complex partial seizures or in the treatment of chronic pain. It has some analgesic effects (numbs pain) and may prevent exaggerated responses to pain. Do not use in pregnant animals and use with caution in animals with kidney disease. It is the generic for neurontin.
Use of this medication: Gabapentin is a structural analogue of GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter. This medication is used in the management of seizures and chronic pain control, including pain from arthritis, cancer, trigeminal neuralgia, neuropathic pain and other sources of pain in dogs and cats. Gabapentin is frequently used in combination with other pain management medications, including NSAIDs. Gabapentin has a short half-life (approximately 2-4 hours).
What animals take this medication? Dogs and cats
What are the active ingredients? Gabapentin
Is there a generic available? Gabapentin is the generic for Neurontin®.
Precautions / Side-Effects: This drug should not be used in pets with a known hypersensitivity or allergy to this medication.
Gabapentin should not be used in pets that are pregnant or nursing.
Use with caution in pets with kidney or liver disease or blood disorders.
This medication may cause lethargy, loss of balance, limb swelling, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you notice any of these side effects contact your veterinarian.
Possible interactions may occur when given with narcotics, including hydromorphone and morphine (efficacy of gabapentin may be increased).
Antacids can affect gabapentin; do not give antacids within 2 hours of giving gabapentin.
Do not use human formulations of liquid gabapentin as many contain xylitol, which may be toxic to dogs and cats.
Directions for use: Give the medication as directed by your veterinarian. For seizure control, gabapentin is usually given three times daily, while for pain management it is usually given once daily. Make sure to give at the same time each day.
Do not suddenly stop giving this medication without consulting your veterinarian; give if for as long as the veterinarian directs. Sudden stoppage may result in seizures (if pet is being treated for seizures) or rebound pain. This medication should be slowly decreased if cessation is the goal.
Missed dose: Give the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if is almost time for the next regularly scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and give the next dose at the regularly scheduled time. Do not give two doses at the same time.
Overdose: Contact your veterinarian immediately as supportive care may be necessary.
How will my veterinarian monitor if this medication is working properly? Your veterinarian will assess the efficacy of gabapentin based on your pet’s symptoms. Your veterinarian will also regularly check blood chemistry values.
Storage: Tablets and capsules should be stored in a tight, light resistant, childproof container in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight. The oral suspension should be kept refrigerated.
Keep this medication out of reach of all pets and children.
Appearance: Gabapentin is a generic and appearance may vary by manufacturer.
Doses Available: Available as 100 mg, 300 mg, and 400 mg capsules, 600 mg and 800 mg tablets, as well as compounded oral suspension and chewtabs
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